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Sensorineural deafness

Definition

Sensorineural deafness is decreased hearing or hearing loss that occurs from damage to the inner ear, the nerve that runs from the ear to the brain (auditory nerve), or the brain.

For more information, see the article on hearing loss.

Alternative Names

Nerve deafness

Causes

Sensorineural deafness can be present at birth (congenital), or it can develop later in life (acquired) as a result of:

  • Disease of the blood vessels (vascular disease)
  • Immune disease
  • Infections
  • Injury
  • Meniere's disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Use of certain medicines
  • Tumor

In some cases, the cause is unknown.


Review Date: 6/12/2009
Reviewed By: Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery and Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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