A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y

Sensorineural deafness


Sensorineural deafness is decreased hearing or hearing loss that occurs from damage to the inner ear, the nerve that runs from the ear to the brain (auditory nerve), or the brain.

For more information, see the article on hearing loss.

Alternative Names

Nerve deafness


Sensorineural deafness can be present at birth (congenital), or it can develop later in life (acquired) as a result of:

  • Disease of the blood vessels (vascular disease)
  • Immune disease
  • Infections
  • Injury
  • Meniere's disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Use of certain medicines
  • Tumor

In some cases, the cause is unknown.

Review Date: 6/12/2009
Reviewed By: Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery and Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.