Ponstan Capsules Consumer Medicine Information

Mefenamic Acid

What is in this leaflet

This leaflet answers some common questions about PONSTAN.

It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.

All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking PONSTAN against the benefits he/she expects it will have for you.

If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.

What PONSTAN is used for

PONSTAN contains the active ingredient mefenamic acid.

PONSTAN belongs to a group of medicines called Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (or NSAIDs).

PONSTAN relieves pain and reduces inflammation (swelling, redness and soreness) that may occur in the following:

  • menstrual cramps (period pain)
  • muscle and bone injuries such as sprains, strains, low back pain (lumbago), rheumatism and tendonitis, such as tennis elbow
  • swelling and pain after setting broken or dislocated bones
  • dental pain

PONSTAN is also used to treat heavy menstrual periods.

Your doctor may have prescribed PONSTAN for another reason.

Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why PONSTAN has been prescribed for you.

PONSTAN is not addictive.

Before you take PONSTAN

When you must not use it

Do not take PONSTAN if:

  1. you have an allergy to:
    • PONSTAN or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet
    • aspirin
    • any other NSAID medicine
    Many medicines used to treat headache, period pain and other aches and pains contain aspirin or NSAID medicines. If you are not sure if you are taking/using any of these medicines, ask your pharmacist.
    Symptoms of an allergic reaction to these medicines may include:
    • asthma, wheezing or shortness of breath
    • swelling of the face, lips or tongue which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing
    • hives, itching or skin rash
    • fainting
    If you are allergic to aspirin or NSAID medicines and take PONSTAN, these symptoms may be severe.
  2. you are vomiting blood or material that looks like coffee grounds.
  3. you are bleeding from the rectum (back passage), have black sticky bowel motions (stools) or bloody diarrhoea.
  4. you had diarrhoea with this medicine in the past
  5. you have a peptic ulcer (ie stomach or duodenal ulcer), a recent history of one, or have had peptic ulcers before.
  6. you have or have had inflammation of the lining of the stomach or bowel.
  7. you have kidney problems.

Do not take PONSTAN if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.

Do not take PONSTAN if the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack has passed.
If you take this medicine after the expiry date has passed, it may not work (as well).

Do not give PONSTAN to a child under 14 years.
The safety and effectiveness of PONSTAN in children have not been established.

Before you start to take it

Tell your doctor if:

  • You have any allergies to:
    • any other medicines including aspirin or other NSAID medicines
    • any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes
  • You are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
    PONSTAN may affect your developing baby if you take it during pregnancy. If it is necessary for you to take PONSTAN, your doctor or pharmacist will discuss the risks and benefits of taking it during pregnancy.
  • You are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed.
    PONSTAN passes into breast milk and therefore there is a possibility that the breast-fed baby may be affected. Your doctor or pharmacist will discuss the risks and benefits of taking PONSTAN when breast-feeding.
  • You have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
    • heartburn, indigestion, stomach ulcer or other stomach problems
    • bowel or intestinal problems
    • asthma
    • diarrhoea
    • pinkish, itchy swellings on the skin also called hives
    • kidney or liver disease.
  • You are using an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD).

If you have not told your doctor or pharmacist about any of the above, tell him/her before you take any PONSTAN.

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Some medicines may interfere with PONSTAN. These include:

  • aspirin, salicylates or other NSAID medicines
  • warfarin, a medicine used to stop blood clots

These medicines may be affected by PONSTAN, or may affect how well it works. You may need to take different amounts of your medicine, or you may need to take different medicines. Your doctor will advise you.

Your doctor and pharmacist may have more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while taking PONSTAN.

How to take PONSTAN

Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully.

They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.

How much to take

The recommended dose is 500 mg (2 capsules) three times a day.

Take PONSTAN exactly as your doctor has prescribed.

Your doctor will tell you how many capsules you will need to take each day.

How to take it

Swallow PONSTAN capsules whole with a full glass of water. Do not chew them.

When to take it

Take the capsules with or straight after food with a full glass of water.

This may help reduce the possibility of stomach upset.

How long to take it

Do not use PONSTAN for longer than your doctor says.

Depending on your condition, you may need PONSTAN for a few days, a few weeks or for longer periods.

For menstrual cramps (period pain), PONSTAN is usually taken during each period as soon as the cramps begin and continued for a few days until the pain goes away.

For heavy menstrual periods, PONSTAN is taken from the beginning of the period and continued according to your doctor's advice. You should not take PONSTAN for more than 7 days unless recommended by your doctor.

For sprains and strains, PONSTAN is usually only needed for a few days.

If you are not sure how long to take your PONSTAN, talk to your doctor.

If you forget to take it

If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to. Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your capsules as you would normally.

Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.

If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.

If you take too much (overdose)

Immediately telephone your doctor or the Australian Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26) or New Zealand National Poisons Information Centre (telephone 0800 POISON or 0800 764 766) for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much PONSTAN. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention.

Keep telephone numbers for these places handy.

If you take too much PONSTAN, you may experience pain or tenderness in the stomach, diarrhoea, muscle twitches or seizure (fit).


While you are using PONSTAN

Things you must do

If you become pregnant while taking PONSTAN tell your doctor immediately.

If you are about to start taking any new medicine tell your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking PONSTAN.

Tell all of the doctors, dentists, and pharmacists that are treating you that you are taking PONSTAN.

If you are going to have surgery, tell your doctor you are taking PONSTAN.

If you get an infection while using PONSTAN, tell your doctor.
PONSTAN may hide some of the signs of an infection and may make you think, mistakenly, that you are well or that it is not serious. Signs of an infection may include fever, pain, swelling and redness.

If you need to have any medical tests while you are taking PONSTAN, tell your doctor.
PONSTAN may affect the results of some tests.

Tell your doctor if you feel PONSTAN is not helping your condition.
Your doctor may need to change your medicine.

Tell your doctor if, for any reason, you have not taken PONSTAN exactly as prescribed.
Otherwise, your doctor may change your treatment unnecessarily.

Things you must not do

Do not give PONSTAN to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.

Do not use PONSTAN to treat any other complaints unless your doctor tells you to.

Things to be careful of

Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how PONSTAN affects you.
As with other NSAID medicines, PONSTAN may cause dizziness or light-headedness in some people. Make sure you know how you react to PONSTAN before you drive a car, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy or light-headed. If this occurs do not drive. If you drink alcohol, dizziness or light-headedness may be worse.

Side effects

Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking PONSTAN.

PONSTAN helps most people with pain and/or swelling, or with heavy menstrual periods, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people.

All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.

Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:

  • stomach upset including nausea (feeling sick), vomiting and heartburn
  • loss of appetite
  • constipation, diarrhoea, pain in the stomach, wind
  • dizziness
  • drowsiness
  • nervousness
  • headache
  • sleeplessness

These are the more common side effects of PONSTAN. Mostly these are mild.

Tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital if you notice any of the following:

  • severe pain or tenderness in the stomach
  • eye problems such as blurred vision
  • fast or irregular heartbeats
  • signs of frequent or worrying infections such as fever, severe chills, sore throat or mouth ulcers
  • bleeding or bruising more easily than normal, reddish or purplish blotches under the skin
  • signs of anaemia, such as tiredness, being short of breath, and looking pale
  • a change in the colour of urine, blood in the urine
  • a change in the amount or frequency of urine passed, burning feeling when passing urine
  • yellowing of the skin and eyes
  • vomiting blood or material that looks like coffee grounds
  • bleeding from the back passage, black sticky bowel motions (stools) or bloody diarrhoea
  • swelling of the face, lips or tongue which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing
  • asthma, wheezing, shortness of breath
  • sudden or severe itching, skin rash, hives
  • fainting, seizures or fits
  • pain or tightness in the chest

These are serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation. These side effects are rare.

Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients.

Tell your doctor if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you don't understand anything in this list.

Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects. You may not experience any of them.

After using PONSTAN


Keep your capsules in the bottle or pack until it is time to take them.
If you take the capsules out of the bottle or pack they will not keep well.

Keep the capsules in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 30C.

Do not store PONSTAN or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it in the car or on window sills.
Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Keep PONSTAN where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.


If your doctor tells you to stop taking PONSTAN or the capsules have passed their expiry date, ask your pharmacist what to do with any that are left over.

Product description

What it looks like

PONSTAN is an ivory/aqua blue capsule marked in black with PARKE DAVIS on body and cap.

PONSTAN comes in blister packs of 20 capsules and is available without a presription. PONSTAN also comes in bottles of 50 capsules (in Australia) and 100 capsules (in New Zealand) and is available only with a doctor's prescription.


Active ingredient:

Each PONSTAN capsule contains 250 mg mefenamic acid.

Other ingredients:

  • lactose
  • titanium dioxide
  • iron oxide yellow CI 77492
  • brilliant blue FCF CI 42090
  • carbon black CI 77266
  • gelatin

PONSTAN does not contain sucrose, gluten, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.

This leaflet was updated in Jan 2004

Pfizer Pty Ltd 2001.
All rights reserved