how come some places on earth is warmer than other places on earth, when basically earth is spinning around the sun? i mean, if the earth is round, and we spin the same amount around the sun, it should have the same temparature, or is it because the some places is over / under sea level therefore you live on a higher place on earth and are more directly at the sun therefore being hotter?
Because if it's for the Equator it's because it's the place which has direct access to sun, since no matter the moment during the year it s always at the same distance from the sun (which is why there is not much difference between seasons). The light and therfore heat comes in a "straight" line, and so most of it passes through the atmosphere? Whereas, in north america, the light and heat enter the atmosphere with an angle(because the surface of the Earth is a curve) and so it is partially blocked, so less heat enters end touches the ground
The map below, from NASA, shows how the heat was distributed across the globe. The most extreme heat swept the Arctic, where winter ice levels were at the lowest on record for this time of year. In Greenland, ice melted so fast scientists initially thought their calculations might be wrong.