I know they're a Islamic organization but where are they based? What are their goals?
Hezbollah is an Islamist religious organization founded in 1985 and based in Lebanon. It follows Shi'Islam (also called Shi'ite Islam), the second largest denomination of Islam. Shi'a Muslims follow the teachings of the prophet Muhammad, a direct descendant of Isma'il (the first son of Ibrahim/Abraham).
Also part of Lebanon's political history, the civilian wing of Hezbollah occupies 14 of the 128 seats in Lebanon's Parliament. Hezbollah's social development initiatives cover the costs of managing Lebanon hospitals, educational institutions and news services.
History of Hezbollah
Hezbollah was formally established on February 16, 1985 to combat Israel's attack on Lebanon. Gradually, several Shi'a groups, such as the Organization of the Oppressed on Earth, the Islamic Jihad, and the Revolutionary Justice Organization joined the movement. Today, these groups are considered synonymous with Hezbollah by Israel, Canada and the US.
Strengthened by over one thousand Iranian revolutionary guards and financial assistance from Iran, Hezbollah developed into a major political-military power and a driving force behind what came to be known as the Islamic Resistance in Lebanon.
Enmity Between Hezbollah and Israel
Hezbollah supports the abolition of the State of Israel. "Israel is an illegal usurper entity, which is based on falsehood, massacres, and illusions, and there is no chance for its survival," said Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, Secretary-General of the Lebanese resistance movement. Many people attribute Israel's early defeat in May 2000 to Hezbollah's involvement in Lebanon's political and military state of affairs.
The 2006 Israel-Lebanon intifada, mainly a conflict between Hezbollah and Israel, started on July 12, 2006 when a Hezbollah wing organized a cross-border invasion, kidnapping two Israeli soldiers and killing three others. Israel responded with a series of air strikes that destroyed over 7000 targets, an invasion of South Lebanon and an strong air and naval defense. This uprising posed a fresh challenge and offered Hezbollah's militant arm a new purpose. Hezbollah's revenge was taken in the form of thousands of rockets that destroyed many parts of Lebanon.
The ensuing conflict killed hundreds of civilians, displaced about 500,000 Israelis and a million Lebanese, and brought life to a standstill throughout Lebanon and northern Israel. In an attempt to put a stop to the hostilities, a United Nations-initiated ceasefire went into effect on August 14, 2006.
Hezbollah and Al Qaeda
Hezbollah and Al Qaeda are known to have worked together in the past; however, researchers differ over the nature of the link between the two Islamic groups. While some see them as natural allies with common interests, others perceive them as rivals with sectarian/religious differences. Al Qaeda predominantly consists of Sunni Muslims, while Hezbollah is mostly made up of Shi'ite Muslims.
Despite their sectarian hostility, apparently, on a professional level the relationship between Al Qaeda and Hezbollah is believed to be not entirely unfriendly.
Osama bin Laden is said to be a supporter of Imad Mugniyeh, the Security Chief of Hezbollah and the man behind the 1983 bombings of the U.S. Embassy and the Marine Corps Barracks located in Beirut, Lebanon.
Hezbollah has won substantial patronage within Lebanon. Their heroic fight against Israel has inspired a range of Islamic movements in the Middle East right from Hamas in Palestine to Muqtada al-Sadr's Madhi Army in Iraq. Furthermore, its social development programs are well-liked by the Shi'a community.
Hezbollah still depends on Syria and Iran for monetary help and artillery, even though the US has repeatedly requested both countries to stop supporting the movement.
Hezbollah continues to rule the streets. In a Kansas City Star article Lebanese official and Hezbollah member, Hussein Hajj Hassan said, "For us, victory is Hezbollah remaining and keeping our arms. And I swear to God, Hezbollah will remain and so will our arms. No one can destroy Hezbollah.
Hezbollah has no connection with "real Islam". They are just people who doesn't know what Islam is. Islam is not violence. Islam is the religion of peace,and the last and the least religion that had come with Prophet Muhammed. I hope you'll find out more about Islam. :)
If truely Hezbollah has something 2 do with shi'at.we need know d principle of this lslamic sect.shi'at are those group of pple who belief that Ali rta. Who is d coursin of holy prophet MUhammed s.a.w is in best position 2 suceed him after his death.shhi'at based their teachings on Qur'an and sunah of prophet. It does not teaches violence but peace.
Hezbollah has published three main documents that list its objectives.
In 1985, Hezbollah published a Manifesto which outlined its objectives.
First, Hezbollah sought to expel the United States, France, and their allies from Lebanon.
Second, Hezbollah sought to bring all Lebanese who perpetrated crimes against Muslims and Christians to justice.
Third, Hezbollah called for a popularly elected representative form of government, preferably Islamic.
Fourth, Hezbollah called for Israel's destruction.1
In 2009, Hezbollah published a second Manifesto, which outlined new objectives but did not retract the old Manifesto.
First, Hezbollah renewed its call for a representative political system.
Second, Hezbollah renewed its call for resistance against Israel, but stopped short of demanding its destruction.
Third, Hezbollah called for better relations with Arab states.
Fourth, Hezbollah called on the Arab world to recognize Iran as the leader of the Muslim world.2
Finally, in 2010, Naim Qassem, Hezbollah's Deputy Secretary General published a lengthy book outlining the organization's objectives. The book supported both the 1985 and 2010 manifesto and added some new objectives.
First, resist Israel.
Second, provide social services for Lebanon.
Third, assist the Palestinian's resistance movement against Israel.
Fourth, create a representative form of government.
Fifth, create unity with Lebanese Christians and other religious sects.3
From these three documents, one can readily see that Hezbollah's highest priorities are to defeat Israel and create a representative government. Hezbollah continues to increase its military strength but it remains inferior to Israel's powerful military. During the 2006 War, however, Hezbollah did demonstrate that it could challenge Israel's military and inflict substantial causalities.4 Hezbollah also continues to gain political power in the Lebanese Parliament and now controls the cabinet. Nonetheless, Lebanon is bitterly divided amongst religions and a truly representative government that divides power fairly between Muslims and Christians remains in the distant future.
1. "An Open Letter: The Hizbollah Program," The Jerusalem Quarterly 48 (1988).
2. "Hezbollah's New Political Document," Syrian News Station (November 11, 2009), http://sns.sy/sns/?path=news/read/7187.
3. Naim Qassem, Hizbullah: The Story From Within, (2010), these objectives are scattered throughout the book.
4. Shai Feldman, "The 2006 War: A Preliminary Assessment," Crown Center for Middle East Studies 10 (2006).
The above is only partially correct, but dead wrong about Israel.It is a legal Nation founded by God & God punished them centuries ago for turning against Him with a promise of returning them in the last days.They only occupy part of the land God gave them.It's History,present & future is recorded in the Bible.The Bible has proven to be 100% accurate on all events concerning both Israel and their enemies & God is fighting for them as they are the people God chose for His earthly kingdom.